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JUNE 2009 



FOUR DOLLARS 



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t's the time of year 

that you notice sub- 
tle changes in your 
'viewshed' ... gradua- 
tion caps, pretty prom 
dresses, limousines at 
the church parking lot. 
You might pick up on 
these things as you run 
your daily errands. 
And, oh yeah, your 
neighbor rummaging 
around his garage, 
looking for his tackle box and gear! 

For many. Free Fishing Days (June 
5-7) announce the formal kick-off to fish- 
ing season. June also signals the arrival of 
our annual kids 'n fishing photo contest, 
and it generates plenty of hands-on activi- 
ty: hands on a fishing pole, that is. Across 
the state, the tackle loaner program shifts 
into high gear Our friends and support- 
ers are encouraged to spread the word to 
those not quite ready to make a commit- 
ment to purchase a rod and reel. Loaner 
tackle is available at various DGIF offices 
and fish hatcheries throughout Virginia. 
Contact your regional office or go on- 
line to http://www.dgif.virginia.gov/ 
education/fishing/tackle-loaner.pdf to 
locate a site near you. 

This summer marks another big push 
to recruit lapsed anglers back into the 
fold. We know you didn't mean to let 
your fishing license expire ... and we 
know you might just need a friendly re- 
minder about keeping your priorities 
straight — what with world events and 
family obligations crowding your internal 
hard drive. How do you plan to get 
through the coming heat wave and skip 
out on the Saturday morning "honey do" 




list if you don't have 
your fishing license 
handy and your truck 
packed with gear? It's 
nearly impossible to 
make a fast get-away 
without planning 
ahead. 

But seriously, keep>- 
ing current with your 
fishing license reaps 
other benefits beyond 
the need to balance 
work with play. License dollars help pay 
for conservation projects that protect Vir- 
ginia fish and their habitat, support fish 
stocking efforts, and fund research and 
management. In other words, your invest- 
ment in fishing goes a long way toward 
maintaining healthy fish! 

The focus on angler retention and 
strong fisheries extends beyond state 
borders, of course. A new program of the 
Recreational Boating and Fishing Founda- 
tion called "Anglers' Legacy" aims to re- 
mind anglers young and older about the 
many benefits of staying actively in- 
volved. In addition to pumping dollars 
back into local economies and support- 
ing publicly managed resources, fishing 
with a friend or family member strength- 
ens bonds and builds relationships. The 
foundation urges you to take out some- 
one new to the sport. Doing so will 
reward you with the feel-good vibes of 
having shared your knowledge about the 
natural world — a critical step in protect- 
ing it. For more information about the 
program, including making a pledge of 
support, go to: www.AnglersLegacy.org. 

Sally Mills, Editor 



:ian 



Mission Statement 

To manage Virginia's wildlife and inland fish to maintain optimum populations of all species to sei^e the needs of the Commonwealth; 
To provide opportunity for all to enjoy wildlife, inland fish, boating and related outdoor recreation and to work diligently to safeguard the 
rights of the people to hunt, fish and harvest game its provided for in the Constitution of Virginia; To promote safety for persons and prop- 
erty in connection with boating, himting and fishing; To provide educational outreach programs and materials that foster an awareness of 
and appreciation for Virginias fish and wildlife resources, their habitiiLs, and hunting, fishing, and boating opportunities. 

Dedicated to the Conservation of Virginia's Wildlife and TSlatural Resources 

VOLUME 70 NUMBER 6 



Commonwealth of Virginia 
Timothy M. Kalne, Governor 



HUNTING & FISHING 

LICENSE FEES 

Subsidized this publication 

Secretary of Natural Resources 
L. Preston Bryant, Jr. 

Department of Game and 
Inland Fisheries 

Bob Duncan 
Executive Director 

Members of the Board 

Ward Burton, Halifax 
Sherry Smith Crumley, Buchanan 
William T. Greer, Jr., Norfolk 
James W. Hazel, Oakton 
C. T. Hill, Midlothian 
Randy J. Kozuch, Alexandria 
John W. Montgomery, Jr., Sandston 
Mary Louisa Pollard, Irvington 
Richard E. Railey, Courtland 
Thomas A. Stroup, Fairfax 
Charles S. Yates, Cleveland 



Magazine Staff 

Sally Mills, Editor 

Lee Walker, Ron Messina, Julia Dixon, 

Contributing Editors 

Emily Pels, Art Director 

Carol Kushlak, Production Manager 



Color separations and printing by 
Progress Printing, Lynchburg, VA. 



Virginia Wildlife (ISSN 0042 6792) is published mont 
ly by the Virginia Department of Game and Inlar 
Fisheries. Send all subscription orders and addre 
changes to Virginia Wildlife, P. O. Box 7477, Red Oa 
Iowa 51591-0477. Address all other communication 
concerning this publication to Virginia Wildlife, P. < 
Box 11104, 4010 West Broad Street, Richmon 
Virginia 23230-1104. Subscription rates are $12.95 f 
one year, $23.95 for two years; $4.00 per each bai 
issue, subject to availability. Out-of-country rate 
$24.95 for one year and must be paid in U.S. fund 
No refunds for amounts less than $5.00. To su 
scribe, call toll-free (800) 710-9369. Postmaste 
Please send all address changes to Virginia WiW/i, 
PO. Box 7477, Red Oak, Iowa 51591-0477. Postage h 
periodicals paid at Richmond, Virginia and additio 
al entry offices. 

Copyright 2009 by the Virginia Department of Gan 
and Inland Fisheries. All rights reserved. 

The Department of Game and Inland Fisheries shf 
afford to all persons an equal access to Departmei 
programs and facilities without regard to race, cole 
religion, national origin, disabihty, sex, orage. If yc 
believe that you have been discriminated against i 
any program, activity or facility, please wmte t 
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisherie 
ATTN: Compliance Officer, (4010 West Broad Street 
RO. Box 11104, Richmond, Virginia 23230-1104. 

"This publication is intended for general informatioi 
al purposes only and every effort has been made • 
ensure its accuracy. The information contained herei 
does not serve as a legal representation of fish an 
wildlife laws or regulations. The Virginia Departmei 
of Game and Inland Fisheries does not assurr 
responsibility for any change in dates, regulations, < 
information that may occur after publication." 



/\ Mixed Sourc 



Sources 



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JUN 



NTENTS 




About the cover: 

The prothtinotary 
warbler (Protono- 
tariacitrea) is just 
one of many 
species benefiting 
from research at 
the Inger and Wal- 
ter Rice Center on 
the James River. 
©Maslowski Photo 



\ 






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if Down on the Chick 

- by Jack Trammell 

A researcher at Randolph-Macon aims to 
preserve a slice of river history. 

8 Making a Difference for Wildlife 
by Bruce Ingram 

Forward-thinking leaders in Bedford County 
accommodate local priorities. 



12 



Green Boating 
by Paula Neely 



Cleaner practices onboard and at the dock 
benefit all Virginia waterways. 



16 



Be Wild! Live Wild! Grow Wild! 
by Spike Knuth 
Our Not-So-Commtni Turtles 

Partnership on the James 

by Marie Majarov 

Magnificent things are happening at the Inger 
and Walter Rice Center. 

OC Goose Patrol 

tmM byTeeCIarkson 

TTie entrepreneurial spirit plus the right dog for 
the job just might move some geese. 



Afield and Afloat 

Zo Journal 

• 2008 Angler Hall of Fame 
•2008 Angler of the Year 

99 Dining In 

34 Photo Tips 

35 On The Water 




own on t 




e essence of 
a river-based 
community 



byJackTrammell 

/""^^ ew rivers in Tidewater better 
k_5jL represent dramatic environ- 
^ r mental change or historical 
^^-^ and cultural richness tlian the 
Chickahominy. From its humble begin- 
nings in Henrico and Hanover coun- 
ties where it is a mere trickle, to its 
mouth at the James where the water 
stretches up to a mile across, the 
"Chick" — as some locals call it — is a 
curious blend of past and present. Until 
recent times, a vibrant culture existed 
along its banks, comprised of hard- 
working families who often spent 

VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVA.com 




more time on the water than they did 
on dry land. 

This rich but insular community 
reached its zenith during the period 
just before and after World War II. An 
ethnographic project supported in 
part by Randolph-Macon College is 
attempting to recapture and preserve 
as much of that culture as possible, 
using photographs, letters, docu- 
ments, and other cultural artifacts. 
Most important, those who lived 
there at the time and remember their 
experiences are being interviewed 
and their memories recorded. Bill 
Buck, a waterman and horticulturist, 
grew up on the river during the 1940s 
and, along with friends and neigh- 
bors, has been recounting what it was 
like to be part of this small and very 
unique community. 

"That river was a different river," 
Buck said, agreeing with many oth- 
ers. "There were acres and acres of 
lily pad fields, and now they are 
gone. I'm not sure why. There were 
very few houses compared to now. 
You could go for long stretches and 
see nothing but water and trees." 



--llHr^'lSiJ:'!^ 



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Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata), shown here, fl 
typically at the edge of the marsh. The childhood 
grew up on the river, still remains. 



ourishes in freshwater zones, 
home of Bill Buck (pg. 4), who 



Buck recalled that during his 
youth, when he was growing up in a 
white two-story house on the west 
bank of the river near Holdcroft 
(known as Old Neck), everything 
was oriented toward the water. "I 
was on the river all of the time," he re- 
called. "We used a unique kind of 
boat, a Chickahciminy boat, which 
was mostly a flat-bottom-type boat, 
but different from other types you see 
[around the bay region]. They had 
pine bottoms and cypress sides, no 
caulk, and the gaps closed only after 
the wood was in the water. You had 
to soak the boat. I was out there every 



day, fishing, swimming, setting 
pots — even going to get ice cream at 
the store a few miles away." 

Others recall that mail came by 
water; supplies from as far downriv- 
er as Norfolk and even livestock were 
moved in Chickahominy boats. Cou- 
ples were married on boats, anci in 
some cases, the deceased moved by 
river to their final resting place. 
When Chickcihominy River families 
went Christmas shopping, some 
traveled by packet ship up the bay to 
Baltimore. The river was the central 
organizing theme in their lives. 

Members of Buck's family taught 



and exposed him to various water-re- 
lated skills. His grandfather stretched 
white oak boards in the barn to even- 
tually carve into special paddles for 
the Chickahominy boats — part pad- 
dle, part sculling oar, and part pole. 
The oars were cut out of a single piece 
of the specially cured wood and qual- 
ify by any woodworking standards 
as true works of art. Few are left now. 
Buck also learned from his Uncle 
Penny how to set crab pots and cat- 
fish pots, how to mend nets, and how 
to sell his catch at Menzel's Fish 
House downriver, which sent fresh 
seafood to Baltimore and Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

"This river is in my blood," Buck 
said. It was where he learned to catch 1 
frogs, tell roes from bucks (female t 
and male shad), and where he saw 
electricity, indoor plumbing, tele- 
phones and television make their first 
appearance in many households. 

Inevitable Change 

But the river is changing. The lily 
pads are gone; housing develop- 
ments are rapicily springing up; anci 
perhaps most importantly, the com- 
pletion of Walker's dam that created 
Chickahominy Lake in 1943 severely 
interrupted many long-established 
natural patterns. In fact, some older 
locals who can remember the river 
before and after the dam mark its 
completion as the major turning 
point in the river's ecological history. 

The low-head dam was originally 
constnicteci by the U.S. War Depart- 
ment as a saltwater intrusion barrier, 
according to Brian Ramaley of New- 
port News Waterworks. Perhaps of 
equal importance, the dam ensured 
aciequate strategic water supplies for 
the vital Newport News Shipbuild- 
ing and Drydock Company. The 
roughly 400-foot concrete dam con- 
nects the New Kent and Charles City 
banks, and originally included twin 
Denil fish ladders for anadromous 
species, as well as a boat lock that 
could accommodate vessels up to al- 
most 40 feet long. At present, the dam 
ensures a water supply for almost 
half a million civilian customers in 
the tidewater region. 

Chickahominy Lake, which is 
above the dam approximately 22 




Bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) with 
signature 'knees' are part of the riverscape. 



Hsh patterns have remained stable. 
It's also not clear what the long-term 
effects of the dam have been on mi- 
gratory fish and water quality. 

"The shad fishery is dead," Buck 
said. "I don't mean that you can't 
find some shad, but the fishing 
camps are gone, the shad run is gone, 
and the days of filling wooden fish 
boxes up with hundreds of shad are 
gone." 

For Bill Buck and many others 
who remember the old Chicka- 
hominy before the dam, memories 
are still vivid and tinged with sad- 
ness over the passing of an era. 
These memories include crude fish- 
ing villages, now overgrown and 
vanishing in the trees, water-related 
industries like the factory where 
bricks were loaded onto barges 
bound for various destinations, a 




Vestiges of the once thriving commercial fishery can still be seen in workboats and 
crab pots dotting the shoreline. 



miles northwest of the confluence 
with the James River and consists of 
more than 1200 acres, became the site 
for a number of businesses. Recre- 
ational use of the lake steadily in- 
creased over the following decades. 
Commercial traffic on the river, how- 
ever, was stymied by the dam and 
eventually died out. In 2007, the dam 
failed. Though studies in the late 
1980s and early 1990s indicated that 
large numbers of shad were passing 
over the dam, it is not so clear that 



colonial-era shipyard, or even fish- 
ing for eels under the lily pads with a 
simple piece of string and a thread. 

"You could fill the boat up with 
them," Buck reminisced. "Do you 
want to try it sometime? Now that 
the pads are gone, though, I'm not 
absolutely sure where to go to do 
that now..." 

Some say that the water itself is 
significantly different. 

"It's not clear anymore," noted an 
eastern Chickahominy tribe mem- 






\\ 



VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVA.com 




Downriver, where salt water rules, blue 
crabs still succumb to the baited trap. 



ber. "It used to be crystal clear before 
the dam." 

The Chickahominy were the first 
Americans to irJiabit tlie river area, 
and even in modern times, tribe 
members remember grandparents 
who made their sole living from the 
river. "The river has been dead in my 
time," Jerry Adkins, an eastern 
Chickahominy native, admitted. 

Like almost all other eastern U.S. 
rivers, the Chickahominy has suf- 
fered from pollution. A tributary near 
a Tyson Plant was recently identified 
under the Clean Water Act as being 
degraded by "excess levels of phos- 
phorus," which impairs bottom- 
dwelling critters so important to the 
1 food chain. State efforts resulted in 
= improvements by 2004. Some plant 
species, such as the small whorled 
pogonia and the sensitive joint vetch. 




This old crane horl<ens from an earlier time, when shipbuilding and commercial 

river traffic peaked, and now serves as an osprey nest platform. 

Below: Yellow perch (Perca flavescens) are still plentiful in the Chickahominy system. 

remain on state and federal protec- 
tion or endangered lists. Other 
species, like bald eagles, have made 
notable comebacks. Even so, the state 
health department has issued warn- 
ings about eating too many fish from 
the river. 

The disappearance of large fields 
of lily pads continues to perplex 
many. The river was once known for 
vast expanses of yellow pond lily, ac- 
companied in some places by pick- 
erelweed. Most of the pads disap- 




peared around the turn of the new 
millennium. U.S. Geological Survey 
water quality and water flow records 
for the last 50 years do show some 
fluctuations — liigh mercxiry levels in 
the early 1990s, for example — ^but no 
single factor that would account for 
the disappearance of the pads, which 
under most circumstances would be 
caused by a catastrophic event, such 
as a tidal backwash during a hurri- 
cane, rather than by pollution. 

Preserving a 

Piece of History 

Even now, when people find vestiges 
of the old river days, they are fasci- 
nated. One of the few remaining 
Chickahominy boats garners atten- 
tion along Route 60 at an old seafood 
restaurant. Decades' old bricks dot 
the landscape around the vanishing 
brickyard. An old crane used to soak 
barnacles off ship-building, wooden 
"ways" rests quietly in shallow 
water, rusting along the riverbank. 
Barges from the days of commercial 
river traffic can be found deteriorat- 
ing, mostly hidden now along the 
marshy banks. And a few ambitious 
commercial fishermen still ply their 
trade on the river below the dam, set- 
ting crab pots and nets, and selling 
their hard-earned catches further 
south in Norfolk aiid other markets. 

Artifacts preserve a tiny portion of 
the history of this period: photo- 
graphs, grave and tombstone inscrip- 
tions, old letters, business ledgers, 
even recipes. There are also many dif- 
ferent physical remembrances, in- 
cluding grass-concealed stone foun- 
dations, rotting pylons, and road 
traces running through the woods. 
Some remains date back to colonial 
times, when a shipyard thrived at 
Shipyard Point. It was burned by the 
British in the War of 1812. 

Over time, these artifacts have 
scattered and are only loosely con- 
nected now by time and place. The 
Chickahominy project, with the help 
of Bill Buck and others, aims to bring 
them together again for a new gener- 
ation to appreciate, f 

Jack Trammell enjoys fishing the Chick. He is a 
professor and administrator at Randolph- 
Macon College in Ashland and can be reached at 
itraiin>iel<f'^rnic.edn. 



©MaslowskI Photo 




I 







Bedford County 

accommodates wildlife 

in the face of growth 

by Bnice Ingram 

edford County is like many 
I counties across the common- 
wealth that stnjggle to deal 
with growth and simultaneously 
maintain agricultural and rural areas. 
Upscale townhouse developments 
are crowding the shores of Smith 
Mountain Lake; rapicily expanding 
suburbs are extending out from such 
communities as Forest and the city of 
Bedford; and the agricultural areas 
that historically have made this pied- 
mont domain one of the top places in 
the commonwealth to pursue deer 
and turkeys are slowly being paved 
over. 




To help protect the traditional 
rural nature of Bedford, the county's 
Board of Supervisors created the 12- 
person Bedford Agriculture Econom- 
ic Development Advisory Board. 
Jerry Craig is one of tlie individuals 
appointed to what is known as the 
"ag board." 

"Before the ag board, I think many 
landowners were only thinking agri- 
culturally but not natural resources," 
he said. "Corn, cows, and hogs are 
very important, but natural resources 
go hand in hand with agriculture. 
Name one farm anywhere that does- 
n't have tiees and wildlife. Our goal 
is that when farmers think agricul- 
ture today, they also think wildlife." 

To learn what Bedford is doing to 
protect its outdoor heritage, I spent a 
day with Craig touring the county. 
Our first stop was at a 283-acre tract 
that the county owns within the Bed- 
ford city limits, where we met Todd 
Kready a county forester for the Vir- 
ginia Department of Forestry (DOF). 

Food Plots and Riparian Zones 

Many of Virginia's counties have 
traditionally owned rural land, but 
the all-too-typical ways to deal with 
it have been to sell, develop, or post 
the properties. 



"The ag board approached the 
DOF and asked us to come up with a 
stewardship plan for this land," 
Kready told me as we were driving 
across the property. "DOF foresters 
across the state are available for free 
to help local government agencies 
come up with plans to enhance 
wildlife habitat on county-owned 
lands." 

So after talking with county offi- 
cials and the ag board, Kready de- 
vised the following stewardship plan 
that identified sites: 

♦ For food plots and wildlife view- 
ing areas where urban and subur- 
ban school children could learn 
the connection between wildlife 
and habitat; 

♦ Where trees such as black wal- 
nuts and sycamores could be 
planted along Poor House Creek 
and create a wider buffer zone; 

♦ Where hedgerows could be 
planted to create habitat for song- 
birds, rabbits, quail, and other 
wildlife; 

♦ Where warm season grasses 
could be planted; 

♦ Where historical interpretative 
opportunities existed in the form 
of old barns and graveyards; and 

VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www HuntFishVA.com 



F Eugene Hester 
White-throated sparrow 



r 





\mi 




©Maslowski Photo 



♦ That could be made handicapped 
accessible, near a pond. 

"Everybody can be happy with 
this plan because of all the different 
user groups that could benefit," said 
Kready as we prepared to leave. 
"Just think what this property will 
look like in five to ten years." 

Fifth-Generation Farm 

Our second stop was at the Fellers 
farm, where Pete Fellers is the fourth 
generation to live on the Bedford 
County property. Pete wants to make 
sure that this rural heritage continues 
for another generation. 

"I am one of the few people that 
were fortunate enough to come back 
to my granddaddy's place to live," 
Fellers told us as we stood in his front 
yard and looked out over the land. 
"But every morning after I returned, 
when I woke up I could hear bulldoz- 
ers on the north and east sides of the 
property and see more of those 'Mc- 
Mansions' going up. 

"I didn't want our family farm to 
end up like that, so I invited Roger 
Holnback of the Western Virginia 
Land Trust (WVLT) to come, and he 
showed me the benefits of conserva- 
tion easements, like tax breaks." 

JUNE 2009 



Jerry Craig said that the ag board 
is actively promoting conservation 
easements, especially on farms such 
as this one. Roaring Run flows 
through the property and serves as 
an important wildlife corridor, as 
Fellers maintains a 35-foot buffer on 
one section and plans to improve the 
riparian zone on the rest. 

With encouragement from the 
WVLT, and of course Fellers himself, 
his cousins and aunt are now consid- 
ering placing nearby family land 
under a conserv^ation easement. 

Later, Fellers shepherds us to the 



creek's riparian zone. As we walk 
along a path, we spot a turkey dust- 
ing bowl, jump up several deer, and 
hear eastern wood pewees aiid yel- 
low-billed cuckoos. 

Outreach Education, 
Community College Style 

Our third stop was at the Central Vir- 
ginia Community College (CVCC)- 
Bedford Center. There we met Dr. 
Robert Lowry, college director. 
What's a higher learning institution 
have to do with wildlife? Plenty, as I 
learned. 




DOF forester Todd Kready shows ag board member Jerry Ciaig a field on Bedford 
County-owned land that would be a good place for warm season grasses. 




©Bruce Ingram 



"The CVCC has partnered with 
the ag board to create an educational 
pipeline that moves farmers as well 
as students who want to become 
farmers into agricultural and envi- 
ronmental studies," Lowry told us. 
"Our objective is to educate as many 
of Bedford's populace as we can on 
tlie essential and interrelated nature 
of agriculture and wildlife. And that 
what is often good for one is good for 
the other. 

"If, through this program, we are 
able to influence current and future 
farmers on how they can both make a 
profit and improve their farm's habi- 
tat for wildlife and thus have their 
parents and their children after them 
remain on the land, then we will have 
accomplished tliat objective," he said. 

The CVCC has received a grant 
from the Tobacco Commission as its 
funding source. The college will have 
a continuing education program for 
current farmers and a full curriculum 
in Agriculture and Environmental 
Sciences for full-time students. Inter- 
estingly, ag board members will be 
enrolled as students in some of the 




classes, so they will be better able to 
communicate to the community the 
benefits of this agricultural and envi- 
ronmental synergy. "Virginia is los- 
ing its farms at a rapid rate," conclud- 
ed Lowry as Craig and I prepared to 
leave. "CVCC sees our agricultural 
and environmental curriculum as a 
prototype, a way to create a new type 
of farmer /conservationist, and a cur- 
riculum that can be used across the 
state. What's good for Bedford might 
not be good, for example, for Tidewa- 
ter. But our concept of benefiting both 
farms and wildlife is portable." 

An Urban Wildlife Oasis 

To reach our next stop, Craig and I 
had to drive through downtown For- 
est to arrive at the 355-acre farm of 
Gene and Laura Goley. We threaded 
our way through traffic and past 
mini-malls and gas stations. Then, 
and even more now, the property 
serves as a wildlife oasis as develop- 
ment engulfs all but one side of the 
property, which the Goley family has 
farmed for five generations and 
which was once owned by Thomas 
Jefferson. 

Gene Gciley is a member of the ag 
board and wants his land to serve as 
an example of how other farmers can 
still earn a profit, yet also make 
wildlife-friendly management deci- 
sions. 

"Laura and I have fenced off all 
our creeks to keep the cattle out," 
Gene told us as we walked down a 





* 



11 



Pete Fellers walks down a lane that runs 
through his land and provides transitional 
habitat between two stands of trees. 




\ 



Gene Goley shows us where he built 
fences to keep cattle away from a stream. 

VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVA.com 



F Eugene Hester 




iLiMnslowski Photo 



farm lane. "We have created over 30 
acres of riparian buffer along our 
streams. And we have planted thou- 
sands of trees such as oaks, ashes, and 
dogwoods to help slow runoff from 
our cattle c^perations and enhance 
wildlife habitat. 

"The Farm Services Agency and 
the DGIF through its WHIP (Wildlife 
Habitat Incentives Program) showed 
us the benefit of planting warm sea- 
son grasses for c]uail and other 
wildlife. This year, we got 54 rolls of 
hay off 12 acres of switchgrass. So 
we've planted 36 acres more in such 
warm season grasses as switchgrass, 
big and little bluestem, and Indian- 
grass. All in all, we have almost 60 
acres in warm season grasses, and the 
quail just love it. And I'm harvesting 
plenty of hay for my cattle," he said. 

Almost as if on cue, we heard the 
whistling sounds of a bobwhite, and I 
remarked what a rare sound that was 
these days. But then another quail 
chimed in, then another, and then an- 
other until the fields seemed to be 
alive with bobs — which they were. 

Gene then showed us where he 
has planted loblolly pines for futvire 
timbering operations and where he 
conducted some selective timber cut- 
ting to improve wildlife habitat. But 
he cheerfully admitted that he has 
made money off these projects while 
assisting wildlife. 

"The ag board is continually en- 
couraging Bedford farmers and rural 
landowners to look into conservation 

JUNE 2009 



easements and find out about the fi- 
nancial and tax breaks of doing so," 
Gene said as Jerry Craig and I pre- 
pared to leave. "And I also like to 
point out to folks that there's nothing 
wrong with a farmer making money 
and helping wildlife at the same 
time." 

Our last stop was at the business 
of Jeff Powers, chairman of the ag 
board. Powers tells us at 90-minute- 
long monthly public meetings 
(where the county administrator and 
director of economic development 
also attend), the ag board discusses a 
host of issues having to deal with 
agriculture and wildlife. 

Ag board committees exist on 
marketing agricultural products, out- 
reach education and events, and land 



protection and conservation. For ex- 
ample, the board brought in Virginia 
Tech experts on the financial and 
wildlife benefits of reintroducing na- 
tive warm season grasses. As a result, 
some Bedford landowners entered 
into agreements to establish such 
grasses on their properties. 

"I am also proud that another Vir- 
ginia county recently contacted us and 
asked how the folks there could set up 
an ag board like ours," said Powers. 
"We were glad to help. I want the 
word to spread that preserving agri- 
cultural lands benefits wildlife." D 

Bruce Iii^nvn ;s the author o/'The James River 
Guide, The New River Guide, and The 
Shenandoah / Rappahannock Rivers Guide. 

To obtniii a copy, cotitnct Ingram at P.O. Box 429, 
Fi}icastlc, VA 24090 or bcjitgrani&juno.coiu. 




DOF forester Todd Kready helped Bedford County draw up a stewardship plan for this 
283-acre tract that it owns. DOF will do the same for any county in the state. 





Good for waterways, 
good for business 

by Paula Neely 



n 2007, the crew of the Cap- 
tain John Smith shallop, a 
replica built using 17th-cen- 
tury materials and techniques, rowed 
and sailed around the Chesapeake 
Bay, retracing the English captain's 
1608 expedition. Along the way, they 
met with thousands of Virginians to 
increase awareness about how the 
bay and its tribvitaries — including 
the James, Rappahannock, York and 




Potomac rivers — have changed in 
the last 400 years and the need to be 
better stewards of ovir waterways. 

The message is sinking in. More 
and more boaters are going "green," 
whether they're recycling waste or 
using fuel-efficient engines, solar- 
powered motors, or environmentally 
friendly accessories. They're also 
choosing to dock at "Cleai"i Marinas," 
a certification that has become in- 
creasingly marketable. 

According to Tom Murray, marine 
business and coastal development 
specialist at the Virginia Institute of 
Marine Science, "There is a continu- 
ing evolution toward environmental 
stewardship and clean boating prac- 
tices from regulatory tightening, to 



the boating community becoming 
more environmentally aware." 

"Industry is doing their part, too," 
Murray said. "They understand that 
boaters want clean water." 

Boat engine manufacturers also 
face more stringent EPA regulations 
to reduce smog-forming and carbon 
monoxide emissions from new in- 
board and outboard motors when 
Clean Boating Act regulations take 
effect in 2010. In response, they have 
already developed more efficient 4- 
stroke engines that bum cleaner and 
use less fuel tlian most 2-stroke en- 
gines. 

But green boating "is more about 
the behavior of boaters than boats," 
according to Murray. 



12 



VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVA.com 



Green practices that boaters are 
encouraged to adopt include recy- 
cling monofilament line and trash, 
stowing debris so that it doesn't blow 
off the boat, using environmentally 
friendly boat cleaning techniques 
and products, using oil-absorbent 
materials in the bilge, and using on- 
shore sewage holding, pump-out sta- 
tions instead of discharging waste 
into waterways. 

Knowing where you are in the 
water is also very important, he said. 
In the coastal zone, boats coming too 
close to shore or going too fast create 
a chop that undermines the shoreline 
and critical habitat. "These areas are 
usually marked as idle speed zones, 
but some folks don't pay attention or 
don't know where they are," he said. 

Murray added that a new Virginia 
law that recjuires anyone operating a 
personal watercraft or motorboat to 
pass a safe boating course or an 
equivalency test may help educate 
more boaters about environmentally 
friendly practices and mitigate some 
of the problems. Administered by the 
DGIF, the law will be phased in be- 
tween now and 2016, depending on 
the age of the boat operator. 

VIMS has also produced a DVD, 
"Bling My Boat," through the Clean 
Marina Program to help educate 
boaters about how to be better envi- 
ronmental stewards. "It's designed to 
appeal to younger audiences and 
provides information in an entertain- 
ing format," according to Anne 
Smith, marina technical advisory 
specialist for the program managed 
by Virginia Sea Grant. The video will 
be distributed to boating organiza- 
tions to be used as part of the boater 
safety education program, and it's 
available by request. 

Clean Marinas 

As boaters become more environ- 
mentally savvy marinas are finding 
that going green is also good for busi- 
ness. 

"Boaters want clean marinas. It's 
a national program, and they look for 
the certification when they're choos- 
ing a marina," said Smith. 

Currently, about 100 marinas are 
certified or have requested certifica- 




Top: A wind generator, shown here, augments power supphed by other means. 
Above: This hybrid utib'zes two 36-volt electric drives in addition to an outboard, 
reducing fuel consumption. 



JUNE 2009 



13 




The Loon 




n recent years, the SunZl was the first 
solar-powered sailboat to cross the At- 
lantic, and Earthrace, a bio-diesel power- 
boat, set a new world record for circum- 
navigating the globe. They attracted glob- 
al attention, but what's available commer- 
cially for recreational boatersin Virginia? 

For boating on lakes, the Tamarack 
Lake Electric Boat Co. in Ontario, Canada, 
developed the Loon (shown here), the 
first commercially available solar-powered 
recreational boat a couple of years ago. A 
new model, designed by the same people 
who designed the Aptera electric car, is 
expected to be available this summer at 
prices competitive with traditional pon- 
toon boats. 

Monte Gisborne, company president, 
said, "The Loon will be a definitive game- 
changer in the recreational boating world, 
a revolutionary zero-emission, zero-noise 
product to replace the most popular of 
loud dinosaur-burners — the pontoon 
boat." 

Gisborne said solar panels power the 
boat directly or charge batteries as the 
boat runs. It can also be charged by plug- 
ging into power outlets at marinas. Top 
cruising speed on the new Loon is expect- 
ed to be about 7 knots. 

For extended overnight travel, an op- 
tional cruiser package convertis the Loon 
into a "pop-up trailer on the water" with 
curtained sides, a galley and sleeping ac- 
commodations. 



To introduce the boat, Gisborne and 
his family traveled about 200 miles on 
the Erie Canal for 12 days. They spent a 
total of $3 on electricity supplied by 
marinas. "The majority of our customers 
will never need to augment the solar 
power with shore power," he said. For 
more information, visit www.tamarack 
electricboats.com. 

For powerboats. Scout Boats in con- 
junction with Lenco Marine introduced 
the 145 Hybrid, the industry's first fiber- 
glass hybrid boat, last year. "Scout is an 
energy conscious company and we strive 
to create increased fuel efficiency with 
our model designs," said Scout Boats 
President Steve Potts. 

Ideal for backwaters, the 14.5-ft. boat 
features a 20hp Yamaha outboard motor 
flanked by dual 36-volt electric drives, 
which are operated with a joystick in the 
helm instead of a steering wheel. A 16-ft. 
version will be available soon. For more 
information, visit www.scoutboats.com. 

The first hybrid engine system for 
pleasure boats was also Launched last 
year by Frauscher Boats in collaboration 
with STEYR Motors. The zero-emission 
electric drive mode provides speeds up to 
5 knots for inland boating around harbors 
and nature reserves, and switches to a 
diesel combustion engine for more power 
and speed. It's currently available in the 
U.S. from California Chris Craft. For more 
information, visit www.frauscherboats.com. 



tion as a Virginia Clean Marina. 
Smith said the program was intro- 
duced to marinas closest to the coast 
first and will soon be available far- 
ther inland. 

To become certified, marinas vol- 
untarily demonstrate compliance 
with best management practices 
such as providing recycling opportu- 
nities, training employees how to 
handle oil and fuel spills, displaying 
signs that encourage green boating 
practices, enclosing service and 
maintenance yards so that storm 
runoff won't contaminate water- 
ways, recycling water used for pres- 
sure washing, and providing pump- 
out systems. 

More and more boaters are going 
"green," whether they're reqcling 
waste or using fuel-efficient engines, 
solar-powered motors, or environ- 
mentally friendly accessories. 

Yankee Point Marina on Meyer 
Creek in Lancaster was one of the 
first to become a Virginia Clean Mari- 
na, and owner Ken Knoll takes extra 
measures to protect the creek. "It's a 
mindset," he said. "We ask ourselves, 
'What can we do to make it better?' . . . 
It costs money, but you get it back in 
the long run." For example, he volun- 
tarily upgraded a building used for 
painting to contain paint chips and 
spills, and installed drains at strategic 




A vacuum sander captures paint chips before 
they reach the ground. 



14 



VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVA.com 




Ken Knoll of Yankee Point Manna was an 
early supporter of the Clean Marina 
Program and related stewardship efforts. 

locations around the building to cap- 
ture storm runoff that might be con- 
taminated. 

Smith explained that preventing 
paint chips from entering the water is 
important because they contain 
heavy metals that may be consumed 
by oysters, clams, worms, and other 
marine creatures and passed up the 
food chain to fish, birds, and humans. 

Knoll also works one-on-one with 
boat owners to help educate them 
about clean boating practices, and he 
sends a newsletter to about 1,800 
boaters. "Our biggest issue is the 
public... trying to get customers to 
follow the rules." 

At Tides Inn Marina on Carter's 
Creek in Irvington, George Jackson 



said, "We try to make it convenient to 
do tlie right thing." The marina pro- 
vides pump-out service in slips and 
at the dock. "We're one of the few 
marinas that do that," he noted. 

Batlihouses iii the marina are also 
held to the same standards of service 
and cleanliness as a luxury hotel. "If 
people use the marina facilities, it 
helps minimize the waste in holding 
tanks on their boats," he said. "Ours 
get a lot of use." 

"Being a clean marina makes a big 
difference to some boaters. They 
wouldn't consider staying some- 
place that wasn't," he said. 

At nearby Carter's Cove Marina, a 
gravel parking lot, tall grass buffers, 
and wetlands help absorb or trap pol- 
lutants and sediment from runoff be- 
fore they reach the water. Free pump- 
out service is offered to encourage 
proper disposal of waste. 

Owner Keith Knowlton said, 
"Being a clean marina is great for P.R. 
People come here because it's a nice 
clean facility, and for that we're able 
to charge higher rates and... attract 
classier customers." 

James Wagner, owner of Regent 
Point Marina at the mouth of the 
Rappahannock River in Topping, 
agrees that the designation is good 
for business. A few years ago when 
he bought the all-sailboat facility, the 
slips weren't full. Since it became a 
Clean Marina, all 130 slips have been 
rented and there's a waiting list. 

One of the unique green features 



at Regent Point Marina is a water gar- 
den that filters soiled water from the 
boat washing area. That water drains 
into a trough that pipes it into the gar- 
den. Organic waste and paint chips 
captiired in the trough are periodical- 
ly cleaned out and put into a dump- 
ster. Plants in the garden take up 
other contaminants. 

"I want to attract people who 
care. . . not people who want to pour 
oil on the ground," he said, i 

Paula Neely is a Richmond writer and public re- 
lations consultant who looks for any excuse to 
get out on the -water. She enjoys trout fishing, 
birding, and sailing. 

Green 
Boating Products 





Keith Knowlton of Carter's Cove Marina has instituted many Clean Marina practices. 



solarpanels 



A walk through any marina will usually 
reveal at least several boats equipped 
with solar panels or wind generators to 
power accessories and recharge batteries. 
These and other products, such as a fuel 
whistle that Lets you know when your gas 
tank is almost full to help prevent spills, 
may be conveniently ordered from 
www.greenboatstuff.com. 

The online specialty store also offers 
hemp rope, cotton string bags, organic 
soap and plant-based cleaning products, 
biodegradable sunscreen, and hundreds of 
other green boating products. 

Stores that sell green cleaning supplies 
and other products may also be located 
through Green Seal, www.greenseal.org. 



JUNE 2009 



15 






CZI 



xaif*- 



Story and illustrations 
by Spike Knuth 

Anyone who has walked along a 
pond or lakeshore is probably 
familiar with the sight of turtles 
sunning on a log nearby. Suddenly 
they come alive as you approach and 
begin tumbling into the safety of the 
water. Turtles, in general, are a com- 
mon reptile in many Virginia waters. 
Worldwide there are 260 or so species 
of turtles on all continents, except 
Antarctica, and in all oceans. Virginia 
hosts some 23 species. 

Turtles have bony, protective 
shells; the 'carapace' on top and the 
'plastron' on bottom. Shells are 
joined on the sides by a narrow 
bridge. They have a horny beak-like 
mouth and dry scaly skin. Turtles can 
survive for months without food and 
are able to overwinter while buried in 
the bottom mud of a pond without 
having to come to the surface to 
breathe. 

While Virginia waters have nu- 
merous, common turtle species, otli- 
ers demand more specialized habi- 
tats or are being slowly isolated by 
land development. These particular 
turtles, featured here, are either 
threatened or endangered due to the 
loss of niche habitats in critical lo- 
cations. 



Spotted Turtle 



Chicken Turtle 



(Deirocheh/s reiicularia reticularia) 

The chicken turtle is recognized and 
so named for its long, striped yellow 
and green neck which it can stretch 
out as long as its shell! Its carapace 
averages 4 to 6 inches and is longer 
than it is wide, spreading widest over 
the hind legs. 

Although wide ranging in the 
southeastern U.S., it is rare in Virginia 
and found only at two locations in 
the southeastern reaches. Popula- 
tions have declined according to re- 
cent studies. It prefers still waters and 
is found in shallow ponds, swamps, 
and ditches with abundant vegeta- 
tion. In Virginia, it inhabits the fresh- 
water cypress ponds in First Landing 
State Park and sinkhole ponds on a 
private farm in Isle of Wight County. 

Little is known about the chicken 
turtle's nesting habits. These turtles 
feed on tadpoles, crayfish, and aquat- 
ic plants. They are fonci of basking in 
the sun on logs, stumps, or rocks, 
their long necks intended. 



beWild!L:..WiU 



Spotted Turtle 

(Clemmys guttata) 

The spotted turtle is a small freshwa- 
ter turtle with a blackish-blue cara- 
pace spotted with small yellow spots. 
Carapace length averages 4^2 to 5 
inches. 

Favoring quiet waters with mud 
bottoms and low-growing vegeta- 
tion, this turtle lives in ponds, ditch- 
es, streams, flooded fields, swamps, 
and bogs. Occasionally, it is found in 
the upper reaches of tidal creeks in 
brackish marshes. Spotted turtles are 
mainly carnivorous, feeding on in- 
sects, worms, slugs, snails, and cray- 
fish. 

Two to four eggs are laid in June in 
sunny areas. The young hatch out in 
September and October or they may 
overwinter in the nest until spring. 
Adults winter underwater in soft 
mud bottoms or vegetation debris. 

Spotted turtles are found in 
Northern Virginia and east of the 
Blue Ridge, except for Augusta and 
Page counties in the Shenandoali Val- 
ley. Their status in Virginia is fairly 
secure, but illegal poaching for the 
pet trade remains a primary threat. 



Northern Map Turtle 

(Gaptemys geographica) 

The map turtle is named for the light, 
squiggly lines on its carapace, 
likened to roads on a map. It is a fairly 
large freshwater turtle; males meas- 
ure 4 to Syk inches and females, 7 to 



Chicken Turtle 



16 





10y4 inches. Its somewhat flattened 
carapace is greenish to olive-brown 
in color, and it has a distinctive yel- 
low spot behind the eyes. 

This turtle inhabits slow-moving 
larger rivers, lakes, and backwater 
sloughs that have mud bottoms, 
dense vegetation, and woody debris. 
They like to bask on logs like other 
turtles, but they often stack atop each 
other. Larger females have crushing 
jaws and feed on freshwater clams 
and snails. Males and juveniles feed 
on insects, crayfish, and small mol- 
lusks. 

Map turtles nest from May into 
July, laying 10 to 16 eggs in soft 
ground often away from water. They 
hatch in about 2|/2 months and hatch- 
lings may overwinter in the nest. 
Map turtles are found in southwest- 
em Virginia in the upper Tennessee 
River drainage in the Powell, Clinch, 
and Holston river systems. 



Wood Turtle 

(Gly-ptcmys insculpia) 

The wood turtle is another turtle rare 
in the commonwealth and found 
mainly in Northern Virginia from Ar- 
lington west to Warren County — an 
area which continues to experience 
rapid growth. Illegal poacliing for the 
pet trade remains a serious concern 
for this species. 

It is a moderate-sized, terrestrial 
and semi-ac|uatic turtle. Its sculp- 



Wood Turtle 

tured carapace is grayish-brown and 
the skin of its neck and forelegs are 
reddish orange. The wood turtle is a 
diurnal species that inliabits decidu- 
ous woodlands close to streams, 
bogs, and wet meadows. It is com- 
monly found wandering far from 
water but needs moist habitats. It 
nests in late May to early July, laying 
7 to 14 eggs which hatch in Septem- 
ber and October. 

Wood turtles are omnivorous, 
feeding on a wide variety of plant 
and animal matter, including wild 
fruits, fungi, earthworms, slugs, and 

carrion. Come winter, they hiber- 
nate in sandy, muddy bottoms 
of ponds, under sub- 
merged logs, and in 
muskrat burrows. 




Northern Map Turtle 



JUNE 2009 




Bog Turtle 



'^awaw^pj^^ 



Bog Turtle 

(Clemmys muhlenbergii) 

The bog turtle is listed as federally 
threatened under the Endangered 
Species Act. It is of special concern 
and rare in Virginia. It's a small, dark 
brown turtle with a conspicuous yel- 
low, orange, or reddish blotch on 
each side of the head. This turtle 
measures about 4 inches long and is 
seen mainly in spring. 

It is often found in association 
with the spotted tvirtle in swamps, 
slow-moving streams, flooded ditch- 
es, spring pools and, especially, bogs 
of sphagnum moss. While at home 
on land, during hot spells it aesti- 
vates — burying itself in soft mud. 

Not much is known about its nest- 
ing habits in Virginia but it probably 
lays one to six eggs in June in hollows 
in soft ground, often merely covered 
with grass. Hatchlings emerge in Au- 
gust and September. Bog turtles feed 
on berries, insects, slugs, snails, 
worms, water cress, beetles, and 
plants. 

Bog turtles are known to be in the 
southwestern counties of Carroll, 
Floyd, Grayson, and Patrick. Habitat 



loss, habitat isolation, and illegal 
poaching are primary threats to this 
turtle. 

Striped-necked Musk Turtle 

(Stemotherus minor peltifer) 

This is a small acjuatic turtle and, in 
Virginia, it is known only from the 
Clinch, Holston, and Powell rivers 
and their tributaries. It measures SVs 
to 5/4 inches. Its grayish brown skin 
has black speckles on the head and 
neck which form a semblance of 
stripes. It has a relatively large head; 
the beak of the lower jaw curving up- 
ward, with a pair of barbels on its 
chin. 

The striped-necked musk turtle 
lives in creeks, spring runs, rivers, 
oxbows, swampS/ and sinkhole 




Eastern Spiny Soft-shelledTurt 

ponds. It is usually associated with 
running water and is often seen 
crawling along a stream bottom. It 
can remain submerged for long peri- 
ods of time. This turtle feeds on 
snails, clams, crustaceans, aquatic in- 
sect larvae, and carrion. Little is 
known about its reproduction habits. 



Striped-necked MuskTurtle 




i 




Eastern Spiny 
Soft-shelled Turtle 

(Apalonc spinifem spinifcrn) 

With a round, keel-less, flattened 
carapace that feels like sandpaper, it's 
harci to confuse this with any other 
turtle. The spiny soft-shelled has an 
elongated snout and neck, and its feet 
are strongly webbed. Males measure 
5 to 9!/4 inches long and the fe- 
males, 6/2 to 18 inches. Its 
colors are olive-brown to 
orange-brown, with nu- 
merous black circles over 
the surface. 

This turtle lives main- 
ly in rivers or smaller 
tributaries with sandy to 
soft substrate and aquatic 
vegetation, and sand or 
mud bars for basking. This 

JUNE 2009 



is another turtle 
that can remain 
submerged for a 
long time. It often 
lies in the shallows 
with just its pointed 
snout exposed. 
It feeds on aquatic anci 
terrestrial insects and insect 
larvae, water beetles, fish, cray- 
fish, worms, mussels, slugs, and car- 
rion. Anywhere from 4 to 32 eggs are 
laid in June and July, wliich hatch 
from late August to October. 
In Virginia, the spiny soft-shelled is 
found only in the upper Tennessee 
River and the Ohio River drainages in 
Buchanan and Dickenson counties. 

Northern 
Diamondback Terrapin 

(Malaclemys terrapin terrapin) 

This is a turtle of salt marsh estuaries, 
tidal flats, interior waters of barrier is- 
lands, and coastal marshes. It possesses 
a nasal salt gland used to excrete excess 
salt in the body fluids. Its fairly large 
head and neck have speckled and spot- 
ted markings. The carapace has concen- 
tric rings or ridges, forming diamond- 
like patterns. The diamondback basks 
on mud flats and feeds on marine snails, 
clams, worms, and vegetation. 

Diamondback terrapins nest in April 
and May, laying 4 to 18 pinkish- white 
eggs at the edges of marshes and dunes 
in sandy soil above the high tide line. 



They winter in the mud of tidal flats 
and channels. 

From 1880 to about the 1930s, their 
meat was considered a delicacy and 
they were caught commercially — 
which nearly depleted their popula- 
tions. They are found along the 
coastal areas of Chesapeake Bay, tlie 
Eastern Shore, and southeastern 
reaches of the state. 

To learn more about Virginia's thirties 
see The Reptiles of Virginia by Joseph 
C. Mitchell, Smithsonian Institution 
Press, 1994. D 

Spike Kiiiith is an avid iiatiimlist and loildlife 
artist. For over 30 years his artimrk afid writing 
have appeared in Virginia Wildlife. He is a mem- 
ber of the Virginia Outdoor Writers Association. 

Be Wild! Live Wild! Grow Wild! is a reg- 
ular feature that highlights Virginia's 
Wildlife Action Plan, which is designed 
to unite natural resources agencies, 
sportsmen and women, conservation- 
ists and citizens in a common vision 
for the conservation of the Common- 
wealth's wildlife and habitats in which 
they live. To learn more or to become 
involved with this program visit: be- 
wildvirginia.org. 





©Marie Majarov 



M\RGIJU|^ 



fir 



Department of Game 
. & Inland Fisheries . 




Cross-disciplinary 
research is underway 

at the Inger and 
Walter Rice Center 



20 



REGION 1 OFFICE 
RICE CENTER 



by Marie Majarov 



ur nation's founding river, the 
333-mile-long James, is mak- 
ing history once again by ad- 
vancing our knowledge of the envi- 
ronment through a broad spectrum 
of cutting-edge research, dynamic 
educational programs, and active 
public service at the Inger and Walter 
Rice Center for Environmental Life 
Sciences, which graces its banks. A 
magnificent outdoor living laborato- 
ry situated 40 miles below Richmond 
in Charles City County, the center's 
343 acres were generously gifted to 

VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVA.com 




I 



/irginia Commonwealth University 
(VCU) by Mrs. Rice to honor her late 
husband, the former Ambassador to 
Australia. 

VCU, an urban university with a 
faculty passionately committed to 
ecological concerns, is seizing this ex- 
traordinary opportunity to create a 
world-class field station with a pri- 
mary focus on large river ecosystems 
and their riparian, or fringing, land- 
scapes. Vital to this ambitious en- 
deavor is the center's emphasis on 
forging enduring partnerships and 
cooperation between numerous 
VCU academic units, external uni- 

JUNE 2009 



versifies, governmental agencies, 
and private organizations — includ- 
ing the Department of Game and In- 
land Fisheries (DGIF), U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service (USFWS), and 
Charles City County, among others. 

The site's rich cultural history 
dates back over 10,000 years to the 
Paleo-Indian period, meandering on- 
ward and prominently through colo- 
nial and Civil War times to become 
YMCA Camp Richmond, prior to 
purchase by the Rices. Now its varied 
aquatic and terrestrial habitats — tidal 
and non-tidal wetlands, vernal pools, 
river, upland and bottomland forests. 



pine forest, and open meadow — bus- 
tle with research and education activ- 
ities, amid diverse wonders such as 
one of the largest concentrations of 
bald eagles in the lower U.S. 

Rice Center Research 

One finds passion, excitement, and 
commitment brimming over, as re- 
searchers speak about their wide- 
ranging interests. A sampling of 
Rice's awe-inspiring faculty-student 
research endeavors include: 

'"^ Dr. Joy Ware heading investiga- 
tions focused on what she de- 
scribes as the "intersection of 
wildlife health, human health, 
and environmental health." 
Called Conservation Medicine, 
Dr. Ware's program is one of only 
a few in the country and is tack- 
ling such critical issues as Lyme 
disease. 



Page 20: Eagle's nest on the James 

River. 

Top left: Electrofishing techniques are 

demonstrated at the Gordon Research 

Pier 

Left: Dr Greg Garman and research 

associate Cathy Viverette head out for 

a day of field work. 

Below: A male prothonotary warbler. 




r'V ^ 







Dr. Gorman's crew proudly display flathead catfish safely brought to the surface 
through electrofishing. 




VCU graduate students confer with Dr. Joy Ware (R) about an eastern box turtle in 
the relocation project. 

22 



DGIF's John Kleopfer, a biologist 
and herpetologist, teams with Dr. 
Ware on an intriguing project per- 
taining to the safe relocation and 
health of the 'charismatic' eastern 
box turtle that will be expanded to 
a statewide population study in- 
volving school children directly in 
scientific inquiry. 

Dr. Paul Bukaveckas studying nu- 
trient and plankton dynamics in 
the waters of the James is develop- 
ing an innovative ecosystem 
model that will provide critical 
river and watershed management 
strategies. 

• Bees and understory flowering 
dogwood trees provide biologist 
Dr. Rodney Dyer, working with 
mathematician Dr. David Chan, 
opportunities to creatively chal- 
lenge his graduate students to ex- 
plore gene movement in pollen 
transfer using computer game 
technology, in such fascinatingly 
titled studies as, "Who Is Your 
Daddy?" and "Alien Invasion." 

Partnership 

The interagency partnerships that 
characterize so many of the accom- 
plishments of the Rice Center are 
nowhere more evident or better illus- 
trated than by the center's relation- 
ship with DGIF. Look to the Ray- 
mond Lee Gordon, Jr. research pier 
facility shared by Rice and the DGIF 
and the Department's Region 1 of- 
fice — a newly built green facility lo- 
cated at Rice. 

"We welcome the Virginia De- 
partment of Game and Inland Fish- 
eries to the VCU Rice Center," said 
Director Leonard Smock, Ph.D., at 
the office's dedication, and "we look 
forward to the opportunity the de- 
partment's presence will present for 
a unified effort to solve some of the 
pressing issues concerning Virginia's 
fisheries and wildlife." Indeed, link- 
ing with tlie DGIF mission to main- 
tain optimum populations of all 
species, a tremendous cooperative ef- 
fort is ongoing. 

VCU and DGIF, along with the 
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and 
Charles City County, also collaborate 
under an umbrella organization, the 

VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVA.com 






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©Marie Majarov 



VZU graduate students studying warbler biology attempt to net an adult warbler as they pull up in their canoe. 




Wing cord measurements and weight are 
recorded for this bird, whose bands indi- 
cate it has previously bred and been 
captured in the Rice Center area. 

Atlantic Rivers Institute, to pull to- 
gether needed resources to advance 
and coordinate research, education, 
conservation, management, public 
health, and historical /cultural activi- 
ties with respect to all Atlantic coast 
rivers. 

DGIF district fisheries biologist 
Bob Greenlee emphasizes the impor- 

JUNE 2009 



tant role the DGIF plays in assisting 
and supporting VCU research and 
graduate student projects: sharing 
substantial data and expertise on 
such critical topics as changes in 
James River freshwater fish assem- 
blages over time, inter-river differ- 
ences in population genetics, and 
blue catfish food habits. The continu- 
ing cooperative efforts of VCU and 
DGIF, feels Mr. Greenlee, will yield a 
"better understanding of the ecosys- 
tem structure and function of Vir- 
ginia's extremely dynamic freshwa- 
ter tidal river systems." 

Fish-related research activities at 
Rice are extensive. Dr. Greg Garman, 
director of VCU's Center for Environ- 
mental Studies (CES), and Cathy 
Viverette, CES research associate, ef- 
fectively manage scores of different 
Rice Center endeavors. Currently, 
they participate in a multi-institution 



and cross-disciplinary study of the 
little known effects of predation by 
"piscivorous" (fish-eating) birds, os- 
prey, eagles, and cormorants on fish 
populations — such as the Atlantic 
menhaden — and the relationship of 
these effects on fishery resources 
within the Chesapeake Bay and its 
major tributaries. Many complex in- 
teractions occur as man and birds ac- 
tively compete for fish in our rivers 
and bay. Atlantic menhaden are but 
one example of species that use tidal 
rivers such as the James for nursery 
areas, underscoring the importance 
of the health of coastal rivers to the 
larger ecosystem. Dr. Garman and as- 
sociates are also actively engaged in 
the restoration of anadromous (mi- 
grating upriver from the sea to 
spawn) species such as the Atlantic 
sturgeon and American shad, once 
prolific in the James. 

23 



I 




Wearing special magnification glasses, Cathy Viverette bands and weighs a 
prothonotaiy warbler chick. Another chick is banded by Dr. Bob Reilly below. 




TheProthonotary 
Warbler Project 

Ms. Cathy Viverette also helps direct 
a prothonotary warbler (Protonotaria 
citrea) project, continuing the long- 
term studies of migration patterns 
and breeding habits begun in 1987 by 
now retired VCU ornithologists/ 
ecologists Charles and Leann Blem. 
The project has received national 
recognition, contributed to the lower 
James being designated an Audubon 
Important Bird Area, and further ex- 
emplifies the cooperative spirit that 
characterizes the Rice Center. 

A neo-tropical migrant songbird, 
the prothonotary warbler breeds 
throughout the eastern U.S. and 
Canada, with major concentrations 
along tidal freshwater portions of 
Chesapeake Bay tributaries in Vir- 
ginia. One of only two cavity-nesting 
warblers, population numbers are 
declining in response to habitat 
degradation and loss of suitable nest 
cavities. 



From canoes, Ms. Viverette, Dr. 
Robert Reilly, Dr. and Mrs. Art Sei- 
denberg (VCU retired), along with 
graduate students and undergradu- 
ate assistants, regularly monitor over 
600 nest boxes throughout the breed- 
ing season. They collect reproductive 
and health data and band young 
chicks and adults. Charles City 
County school children are integrally 
involved in crafting new nest boxes, 
each proudly signed by its builder. 
The boxes are scattered throughout 
the warblers' preferred swampy, 
lowland forests along trails in and 
around the Rice Center and neigh- 
boring properties: Presquile NWR, 
Deep Bottom Park, and Dutch Gap 
Conservation Area. 

The project's 22 years have gener- 
ated banding records for over 14,000 
prothonotary warblers, including 
1,400 females, many of whom return 
to breed in the boxes year after year, 
and over 4,000 egg clutches. Data in- 
dicate that the warblers have re- 



turned an average of one day earlier 
each year and suggest changes in egg 
production as well. Both are believed 
to be effects of global warming and 
have significant implications for con- 
servation. Because of the project's 
continuing, intensive efforts on be- 
half of the prothonotary warbler, 
populations in Virginia seem to be 
steady or increasing. 

Environmental Commitment 

The view of burgeoning new life at 
the Rice Center's once man-made 70- 
acre impoundment above the James 
is breathtaking. In a national move- 
ment to remove imnecessary dams in 
order to restore the natural flow of 
streams and revitalize wetlands, 
VCU is taking a lead role. Removal of 
the site's earthen dam is well under- 
way; already, the original flow of the 
area's natural streambeds has 
emerged along with vibrant new 
growth and cypress knees from the 
original wetlands covered over in the 
1920s. VCU's ecology faculty and 
partners are designing a plan to re- 
store a bottomland forest and meth- 
ods of wetland plantings that will be 
a model for the region and beyond. 

Analogous to this magnificent 
wetland, the Rice Center is a thriving, 
energetic, emergent work in 
progress. Infrastructure has been 
fashioned, partnerships formed, the 
LEED-certified Walter L. Rice Educa- 
tion and Research Headquarters a re- 
ality. Enduring scientific gain is on- 
going; scholarship, flourishing; en- 
thusiasm, outreach, and contribution 
to public policy, unrivaled; and stu- 
dent commitment to the environ- 
ment, a life-long outcome. Partner- 
ship on the James will long continue 
to provide, in the words of Dr. 
Smock, an "understanding of the 
beauty, fragility and innate complexi- 
ty of our natural world." ] 



Marie and Milan Majarov (uKinc.niajarov.com), 
of Winchester, are clinical psychologists, nature 
enthusiasts, and members of the Virginia Out- 
door Writers Association. 

For more information: 

The Inger and Walter Rice Center for 

Environmental Life Sciences 

http: / / www.vcu.edu / rice 



I 



24 



VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVA.com 



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An eco-friendly approach to 
goose relocation 

byTeeClarkson 






\ 




hen we see 
someone who 
truly excels at 
a task, we often say, "They were bom 
to do it." Who would argue that 
Beethoven was not 'born' to write 
symphonies or that Michael Jordan 
was not 'born' to play basketball? 
Certainly we can say the same things 
about dogs, when we see them per- 
forming the task for which they were 
bred. And while there are English 
pointers out there that don't appreci- 
ate a quail hunt and Labs that aren't 
inclined to swim, dogs, like humans, 
are happiest when performing the 
task for which they were bom. 

Judy, a four-year-old Border collie, 
was born to herd. Centuries ago her 

JUNE 2009 



ancestors herded sheep in Britain, 
but "They will herd anything 
that moves, from cats to people," 
said Albert Myers, Jutiy's owner. 
Nothing could be more evident 
now as Albert unhooks Judy 
from her lead and gives a com- 
mand that seems strangely out of 
place here on a crisp November 
morning at an office park in Rich- 
mond: "Way to me, Judy." 

And with that she is off, quickly 
moving up and down the bank, her 
shoulders hunched, her head low- 
ered, stalking the dozen or so 
geese now beginning to honk 
nervously in the middle of 
the pond. Juciy herds 
geese. 



£*^^*»-».- 



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Aibert Myers gives the command that his Border coiiie, Judy, has been waiting for. 



With the growing problem of resi- 
dent geese making their homes in 
neighborhoods, office parks, and golf 
courses, Albert Myers has developeci 
a rather unique, eco-friendly method 
of removing them from areas where 
they are not welcome. He herds them 
with Border collies. Albert originally 
began working geese with dogs in 
2000, as a golf course superintendent. 
Word spread quickly of his practice 
and his success, and soon he began 
receiving phone calls from people 
asking if he could help them with 
their resident goose problem. At first 
Albert was just happy to have some 
work for the dogs, but in 2003, with 
interest continuing to grow, he start- 
ed Skyview Goose Control, a service 
aimed at safely and effectively con- 
trolling geese on properties where 
they are not wanted. Now, scaring off 
geese has become a means of income 
for Albert and Judy. 

"A common misconception," ac- 
cording to waterfowl project leader 
for the Department, Tom Bidrowski, 
"is that geese stopped migrating, and 
that is the reason for increased num- 
bers of geese remaining in Virginia 
year-round." This is simply not the 
case: "A migrant goose will go back 
to its natal area, where it was raised," 
said Bidrowski, adding, "The num- 



ber of resident geese has increased 
because they have adapted to living 
arotmd people." With growing num- 
bers of green lawns, corporate cen- 
ters, suburban ponds, and golf cours- 
es, we are creating more and more 
ideal habitat for resident geese, and 
thus they are thriving and reproduc- 
ing in these areas. 

For the most part geese are con- 
sidered a nuisance, causing mone- 
tary damage on golf courses and 
farms, as well as leaving piles of 
feces — over a pound a day — on 
lawns and sidewalks throughout the 
state. Although they are generally 
not a major problem, "Large num- 
bers of geese concentrated in a small 
pond can impact a pond's water 
quality," according to Gary Costanzo 
who manages the DGIF Migratory 
Game Bird Program. Where they 
pose the biggest threat, however, is 
around airports like Dulles, National, 
and Richmond as well as military 
bases. As we learned early this year, a 
goose lodged in the engine(s) of a 
plane can have catastrophic conse- 
Cjuences. 

The resicient goose hunting sea- 
son has "... helped a lot with popula- 
tion control," said Costanzo. Just sev- 
eral years ago, there were an estimat- 
ed 250,000 resident geese in Virginia. 



That number has dropped to some- 
where around 140,000. Costanzo ac- 
knowledged that they "... have a pret- 
ty good handle statewide on the resi- 
dent goose population," but that they 
can't control numbers where hunters 
do not have access. With increasing 
hunting pressure and loss of natural 
habitat, geese flock to areas where the 
grass is literally greener, providing 
them with a sound source of nutrients. 
These areas include office parks and 
suburban lawns that receive water all 
year. As a result, people have come up 
with all sorts of methods to force geese 
from these locations. Examples in- 
clude: noise makers, laser systems 
used at night, flare guns, scarecrows, 
pyrotechnics, remote control planes 
and boats, chemical sprays that make 
the grass taste bad and, of course. Bor- 
der collies. 

The goal in scaring geese from of- 
fice parks, neighborhoods, cemeter- 
ies, and runways is generally to get 
them to move to more natural habitat. 
Often they will return in a few days to 
the same area, but if you bother them 
every time they return, eventually 
they will leave. At least that is the idea. 

Albert Myers takes a systematic 
approach to removing geese from 
areas where they are not wanted. "It's 
like hunting," he said. Both Albert and 



26 



VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVA.com 




Canada geese that remain year-round due to fa\ on 
become a nuisance to farmers and businesses. 



conditions and habitat 



Judy must utilize stealth in order to ef- 
fectively herd and scare off the birds. 
If Albert and Judy work an area with 
more than one pond, they begin at one 
end and move gradually to the other 
to keep the geese from hopping from 
pond to pond. "The key is they learn 
that the dog can and will invade their 
space in the water." 

At first Judy hesitates to enter the 
pond. She was born to herd, but to 
herd on dry ground. Albert repeated 



the command, "Way to me, Judy. Get 
in." Judy stalks back and forth anoth- 
er time before plunging from the 
bank, swimming in a Une wide to the 
right of the nervous geese and then 
circling around behind them. For a 
collie, she can really swim; in a mo- 
ment she has reached the middle of 
the pond. The geese grow increasing- 
ly more upset, tightening into a 
group and moving toward the shore 
where we are standing. 



"Come by," Albert yelled. Judy 
turns and goes wide to the left of the 
geese, forcing them back to a narrow 
section. After several more passes be- 
hind them, Judy has driven the geese 
into the corner by the dam. There is 
nowhere left for them to go now, and 
finally they rise noisily off the water, 
forming a V in the distance. 

"That will do," Albert yelled from 
tlie shore. Judy takes one last look at 
the geese, as if to make sure they are 
really gone, then turns back to Albert, 
receiving praise for her good work. 
Not long after leaving the water, she's 
hopping up and down, shaking all 
over us — the excitement of a job well 
done. Albert puts a towel over her and 
dries her off, passing her a few treats 
from his pocket, but she won't stay 
still for long. Stalking the banks and 
searching for more geese, Judy is 
quickly ready to go again, looking 
back over her shoulder, "Come on, 
come on." This is her game now. This 
is what she was bom to do. As for the 
geese, they will have to find greener 
pastvires somewhere else. D 

Tec Clarksoii is an English teacher at Deep Rim 
Higli School in Henrico Co. and runs Virginia 
Fishing Adventures, a fishing camp for kids; 
tsclarkson@virginiafishingadventures.com. 

Editor's Note: Albert D. Myers, Jr. and 
Judy may be contacted at: Skyview 
Goose Control, 804-399-9670, or 
wwrw.skyviewgoosecontrol.com. 




By banding Canada geese, biologists can obtain data on the bird's movements and survival. This information is used to develop 
management strategies such as hunting season regulations. 



JUNE 2009 



27 




/ 



nal 



2009 Outdoor 
Calendar of Events 

Unless otherwise noted, for current infor- 
mation and registration on workshops go 
to "Upcoming Events" on the Depart- 
ment's Web site at www.HuntFishVA.com 
or call 804-367-7800. 

June 5-7: Free Freshwater and Saltwa- 
ter Fishing Days. 

June 13: Ladies' Day Shooting (Hand- 
gun or Shotgun) Clinics, Cavalier Rifle 
& Pistol Club; For reservations call 
(804) 370-7565 or e-mail 
H. Baskerville@comcast.net. 

June 16: Smallmouth Fishing Work- 
shop, New River, Radford. 

June 18, 20 and 25: Lights, Camera, Ac- 
tion: Photographing Flowers in the Gar- 
den; with Lynda Richardson; Lewis 
Ginter Botantical Gardens, Rich- 
mond; www.lewisginter.org. 

June 30: Float Fishing The James River, 
Buckingham. 

July 28: Flat Out Catfish Workshop, 
James River, Richmond. 

July 30, August 1 and 6: Lights, Cam- 
era, Actio}i: Photographing Butterflies 
and Other Cool Bugs in the Garden; 
with Lynda Richardson; Lewis Gin- 
ter Botantical Gardens, Richmond; 
www.lewisginter.org. 

August 7-9: Virginia Outdoor Sports- 
man Show, Richmond; www.sports- 
manshow.com. 

August 14-16: Mother-Daughter Out- 
doors Weekend, Holiday Lake 4-H 
Center, Appomattox. 

August 25: Flat Out Catfish Workshop 
II, James River, Richmond. 

August 29: Ladies' Day Shooting 
(Handgun or Shotgun) Clinics, Cava- 
lier Rifle & Pistol Club; For reserva- 
tions call (804) 370-7565 or e-mail 
H. BaskervilleC"'comcast.net. D 



28 




by Beth Hester 

Mount Rogers National Recreation 
Area Guidebook, 2nd ed. 

By Johnny Molloy 

2008 University of Tennessee Press 

www.utpress.org 

ISBN-13: 978-1-57233-628-5 

This engaging guide covers every- 
thing the intrepid traveler needs to 
know to enjoy one of Southern Ap- 
palachia's great outdoor destina- 
tions. With over 430 miles of trail to 
explore, these highland areas present 
the hiker, mountain biker, angler, 
equestrian, and camper with numer- 
ous adventure opportunities. 

A brief and interesting history of 
the region is followed by a section of 
small-scale area maps that segue into 
individual trail descriptions, each of 



which is prefaced by a helpful 'info- 
box' containing trail basics, such as 
trail type, difficulty, USGS topo refer- 
ences, and other highlights. Trail de- 
scriptions note stream crossings and 
trail junctures to help keep hikers ori- 
ented, and there are suggested loop 
trails that may be of particular inter- 
est to those who wish to explore a 
pre-blazed tract. There is so much to 
see and do that Molloy has thought- 
fully included a short section high- 
lighting favorite activities particular 
to major sections of the Mount 
Rogers area, such as fishing for rain- 
bow trout at Whitetop Laurel Creek, 
or visiting the old home sites and as- 
pens on the Sugar Maple Trail. 

Because the Mount Rogers re- 
gion appeals to a variety of user 
groups, adventurers are urged to ob- 
serve trail etiquette, and the text con- 
sistently reinforces the principles of 
"Leave No Trace." The guide's final 
grace note is the inclusion of four ap- 
pendices that contain important out- 
fitter and contact information. This is 
a truly comprehensive resource. D 




Congratulations to Michael and Brad Shelton (R), guided by Dennis Kivikko 
(orange cap), who had a successful hunt at Orapax Plantation in Goochland this 
past March. According to Brad, "This was our first time at a hunting preserve ... 
We hod a great time with wonderful, friendly people ...I can highly recommend 
Orapax Plantation to everyone." Go to http://www.dgif.virginia.gov/hunting/ 
shootingpreserves/ for more information. 

VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www HuntFishVA.com 



I 




Northern Pinesnake Watch 

You can help conserve and protect the Northern pinesnake! The Virginia 
Department of Game and Inland Fisheries would like your assistance in re- 
porting current, past, live or dead pinesnake observations. If you have 
seen a pinesnake or know of a past observation in the state, please fill out 
the form below and send it to the address provided. Your personal informa- 
tion will remain confidential. Thank you for helping us protect a natural 
rarity! Please include the following information in your observation: 

Date observed: 



Observation location (be as specific as possible): . 



County or City/Town: 



Snake activity: moving resting dead other (explain) 



Additional comments: 



The below information will be used for confirmation purposes only. 

Name: 



Address: 



City/Town: 



State: 



Zip Code: 



t 



Daytime phone number: 



Additional information, such as photographs and/or location maps, is wel- 
come and should be included when possible. Send the completed form to 
Mike Pinder, Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, 2206 
South Main Street, Suite C, Blacksburg, VA 24060. 

You can also respond via our new Web link, at: 
www.dgif.virginia.gov/pinesnake 




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2009 Kids n Fishing 
Photo Contest 

Reminder: 

♦ Photos must be postmarked no later 
thari June 20, 2009. 

♦ Check wmv.WunfF/s/i WA.com for details. 

♦ Send entry to 2009 Kids 'n Fishing 
Photo Contest, VDGIF, PO. Box 1 1 104 
Richmond, VA 23230-1 104. 

Big Prize Packages! 



29 





/o 



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i 



he Virginia Department of 
Game and Inland Fisheries' 
Hall of Fame list is a compila- 
tion of all the freshwater anglers who 
qualified for advanced awards in the 
Angler Recogriition Program. 

To achieve the status of Master 
Angler I, five trophy fish of different 
species must be caught and regis- 
tered with the Virginia Angler 
Recognition Program. For Master EI, 
10 trophy fish of different species 
must be caught, and so on for the 
Master III or IV level. Expert anglers 
must catch and register 10 trophy 
fish of the same species. 

Each angler that accomplishes 
this feat receives a Master Angler or 
Expert Angler certificate and patch. 
Expert patches include the species 
on the patch. There is no fee or appli- 
cation for Master or Expert. 

If you have records prior to 1995 
and believe you may have obtained 
this angling status, please call the 
Virginia Angler Recognition Pro- 
gram at (804) 367-1293 to have your 
records checked. 

The Creel-of-the-Year Award rec- 
ognizes the angler who accounts for 
the most trophy-size fish caught and 
registered in the Angler Recognition 
Program from January 1 through De- 
cember 31, annually. 




MASTER 
ANGLER I 

Roger Armentrout 
James Atkins, III 
John BeeLer 
Robert Bennett 
Brandon Blankenship 
James Boothe 
Milton Bowling 
David Boyers 
Roger Brown 
William Byrd 
James Cale, II 
Tamiro Chozu 
Mark Clark 
Billy Clevinger 
James Clifton, Jr. 
Arthur Coffman, Sr. 
Leonard Corum 
Joshua Davis 
Charles Gentry 
Michael Guinan 
William Haislip, Sr. 
Marshall Hancock 
Michael Harper, Jr. 
Christopher Hensley 
Robert Highlander, Jr. 
Justin Horton 
David Johnson 
Douglas Johnson 
Ronnie Knicley 
Jerry Krebs 
Jeffery Loving 
Anthony Martin 
Christopher May 
Timothy McClung 
Joseph Mehalick, Sr. 
Robert Miller 
Matthew Miller 
Palmer Moore 
Walter Moore 
Frank Nelson, III 
Burl Nidiffer 
John Novitsky 
Steve Perger, Jr. 
Jesse Redd 
Walter Reese 
Steven Rigney 
Clay Ross 

Kenneth Runyon, Jr. 
James Samuel 
Ricky Sears 
Howard Simpkins 



Anthony Smith 
Terry Smith 
Rebecca Smith 
Granville Smith, IV 
Kenneth Sowder 
Robert Sowder 
Wes Spruill 
Scott Thompson 
Kevin Tosh 
Hunter Tucker 
Patrick Veltman, Jr. 
Robert Wagner 
Michael Walts 
Timothy Walts 
Richard Webster 
Terry Windsor 
Terry Wood 
James Young 

MASTER 
LEVEL II 

Joe Burwell, Sr. 
Timothy Frink, Jr. 
James Gregory 
Basil Harper, Jr. 
John Jensen 
Donald MacBrair, II 
William Nicar 
Homer Reed 
LeRoy Rice, Jr. 
Kenneth Rigney 
Robert Scruggs 
Christopher Wells 
William Yost 

MASTER 
LEVEL III 

Derek Mayhew 
Donald Trantham, Jr. 

MASTER 
LEVEL IV 

Gary Harmon 

EXPERTS 

Largemouth Bass 

Russell Barlow, Jr. 
John Davies 
William Hall III 
Jason Hay 



30 



VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www.HuntFishVAcom 




Mickey Hopkins 
Jerry Johnson 
Barbara Smith 
Donald Smith 
Richard Stanton 

Smallmouth Bass 

Matthew Baldwin 
William Haines 
Gary Harmon 
Wally Heinzelmann 
Danny O'Dell, Jr. 
Gregory Rife 
Arnold Rose 
Leslie Stiltner 
Scott Warholic 

Crappi'e 

Robert Bennett 
Thomas Branham, Jr. 
George Clark 
Michael Harper, Sr. 
Cletaus Liston 
Frank Nelson, III 
Val Rapp, Jr. 
Bobby Whitlow 

Rock Bass 

Jimmie Edwards 

Sunfish 

James Gregory 
Shannon Miklandric 
Joshua Miklandric 
Eric Morin 
Gerard Peterson 
Robert Potts, Jr. 
Willie Ruffin, Jr. 
Kenneth Runyon, Sr. 
Larry Scarborough, Sr. 
David Spiers, Sr. 
Bradford Starkey 
Larry Wells 

Channel Catfish 

Stephen Miklandric 
Cecil Welcher, Sr. 

Blue Catfish 

Kevin Joyner 
John LaBossiere 
Oscar Laserna 



James Marcum 
Ronald Marrin, Jr. 
Michael Meier 
Stephen Miklandric 
Shawn Nelson 
Ryan Painter 
Joshua Pritchett 
David Roberson, Jr. 
Barry Roher 
Denny White, Jr. 

Flathead Catfish 

James Boothe 
Eddie Boothe 
William Brandon 
Robert Jimerson, Jr. 
Mark Joyce 
William Nicar 

Rainbow Trout 

Jon Brown 
Frank Camp 
Darrell Davis 
Mark Eavers 
Patrick Funkhouser 
Kevin Griffitts 
Kristopher Hale 
Michael Harper, Jr. 
Garry King 
Louis Marshall, III 
Stephen Miklandric 
Brian Moyers 
William Nicar 
Timothy Overstreet 
Robert Phipps, Sr. 
Stan Roberson 
Johnnie Roberson 
Darlene Simmons 
Edward Smith 
Bradford Starkey 
Michael Stevens 
Steven Stone 
Robert: Stover, Sr. 

Brook Trout 

Ronnie Davis 
Windell Doyle 
Mark Eavers 
Jimmie Edwards 
Joseph Prater 
John Smith, Sr. 
Wayne Snow 
James Wallace, Sr. 



Brown Trout 

Roger Lucas 

Billy Nelson, Jr. 
Joseph Rothgeb 

Chain Pickerel 

G. F. Brace 
Philip Morgan, Jr. 

Muskellunge 

Armando Mineiro 

Walleye 

Jerry Echols 
BillSchieman 

Yellow Perch 

Jeffrey Ervine 
Manuel Fernandes, Sr. 
James Gregory 
Marshall Hancock 
Thomas Harden 
Robert Highlander, Sr. 
Thomas Hoke 
Henry Moore 
Palmer Moore 
Steve Perger, Jr. 
Jeffrey Shell 
James Taylor 
Robert Wagner 
Michael Walts 

Gar 

James Marcum 

Bowfin 

Dine Hallmark, Sr. 

Carp 

Dylan Cooper 
Daniel Leibfreid 



CREFJ . OF THE YEAR 

Stephen Miklandric - Total 148 
Largemouth Bass (6), Smallmouth Bass (1), 
Sunfish (56), White Perch (1), Channel Cat- 
fish (1), Blue Catfish (7), Flathead Catfish 
(1), Rainbow Trout (25), Brook Trout (8), 
Chain Pickerel (9), Northern Pike (1), Yellow 
Perch (25), Gar (6), and Bowfin (1) 



JUNE 2009 



2008 Analer of the Year 



SPECIES SIZE 

Largemouth Bass, 14 lbs., 14 oz., 28 in. 
Smallmouth Bass, 6 lbs., 8 oz., 2IV2 in. 
Crappie, 4 Lbs., 8 oz., 19V2 in. 

Rock Bass, 1 lbs., 14 oz. 
Sunfish, 2 lbs., 13 oz., ISVzin. 
White Bass, 4 lbs., 3 oz., 19V4in. 
Striped Bass, 46 lbs., 44 in. 
Hybrid Striper, 10 lbs., 14 oz., 29 in. 
Freshwater Drum, 22 Lbs., 6 oz., 34 in. 
White Perch, 2 lb., 2 oz., l/Vzin. 
Channel Catfish, 30 lbs., 33 in. 

Blue Catiish, 81 Lbs., 5OV2 in. 

Flathead Catfish, 46 lbs. 

Rainbow Trout, 12 Lbs., 4 oz., 26V2 in. 

Brook Trout, 5 lbs., 13 oz., 21 in. 

Brown Trout, 15 lbs., 31 in. 

Chain Pickerel, 6 lbs., 13 oz., 26V2 in. 

Muskellunge, 39 Lbs., 51 in. 

Northern Pike, 15 lbs., 1 oz., 38 in. 

Walleye, 15 lbs., 5oz., 35in. 

Yellow Perch, 2 lbs., 8 oz., 14 in. 

Gar, 22 lbs., 4 oz. 

Bowfin, 12 lbs., 11 oz., 32 in. 

Carp, 44lbs., 38V2in. 



ANGLER'S NAME/HOME 

Lonnie Barr, Warrenton, VA 

Lester Kodger, Monterey, VA 

Charles Robbins, Jr., 
Scottsburg, VA 

Leonard Corum, Dolphin, VA 

Kathy Turner, Haysi, VA 

Anthony Smith, Gretna, VA 

Troy Dunn, Rustburg, VA 

Ronald Hall, Wise, VA 

Michael Fuller, Louisburg, NC 

Wesley Gibson, Crozet, VA 

Bryan Carter, 

St. Stephens Church, VA 

Skylar Leonard, Louisburg, NC 

Joshua Powell, Clover, VA 

Jerry Bartley, Port Repubhc, VA 

Will Helmick, Staunton, VA 

Will Helmick, Staunton, VA 

Sarah Pearman, Radford, VA 

Mitchell Dowdy, Blacksburg, VA 

Kenzie Snow, Staunton, VA 

James Padgett, Galax, VA 

Spencer Musick, Speedwell, VA 

Leonard Corum, Dolphin, VA 

Christopher Babb, Suffolk, VA 

Larry Robbins, Coeburn, VA 



BODY OF WATER 


DATE 


Private Pond 


03/22/2008 


Lake Moomaw 


07/26/2008 


Private Pond 


05/01/2008 


Nottoway River 


03/23/2008 


Flannagan Reservoir 


06/06/2008 


Leesville Lake 


10/12/2008 


Leesville Lake 


11/23/2008 


Flannagan Reservoir 


10/08/2008 


Buggs Island Lake 


08/03/2008 


Buggs Island Lake 


05/10/2008 


Mattaponi River 


04/04/2008 


Buggs Island Lake 


02/24/2008 


Dan River 


04/30/2008 


Hemlock Springs 


11/22/2008 


Hemlock Springs 


01/31/2008 


Cedar Springs 


06/25/2008 


Private Pond 


03/02/2008 


New River 


08/10/2008 


Heariihstone Lake 


05/26/2008 


New River 


02/25/2008 


Claytor Lake 


03/21/2008 


Lake Gaston 


06/06/2008 


Lake Cohoon 


07/05/2008 


Bear Creek Reservoir 


07/15/2008 



Please Note: You can find all you need to know about the Trophy Fish Program at www.HuntFishVA.com or call 804-367-1293. 



32 



VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www HuntFishVA com 







mm 




by Ken and Maria Perrotte 



Brie Stuffed Quail 



/\ ne of the tastiest quail preparations we've ever tried 
\/ came during an outing to our neighboring state of 
West Virginia. Susan Jones is a chef at Smokey's on the 
Gorge in Lansing, co-located vdth Class VI River Runners. 
Jones credits her cooking style to training that grew out of 
"life experiences." She began working in restaurants when 
she was 13 and eventually became a cook out of necessity. 
Her father was a bird hunter who brought home a lot of 
quail and ducks for the family. 

In designing her new dish, Jones said, "I like quail. I 
like brie— thought I'd see how they paired." Her Brie 
Stuffed Quail debuted on Mother's Day 2008 at a special 
feast that Smokey's hosts as part of a breast cancer research 
fundraiser. Jones expects it to become a signature dish and, 
based on its simplicity and taste, we expect the same. 

For more about Smokey's, see http://www.class- 
vi.com/smokeysonthegorge.cfm or call 1-800-252-7784. 

Brie Stuffed Quail With 

Triple Berry Coulis and Tarragon Pesto 

Brie Stuffed Quail 
16 (4-ounce) quail, skin on, rinsed and patted dry 
16 oz. brie cheese 
teaspoons kosher salt 
teaspoon freshly-ground black pepper 
cup extra virgin olive oil 

Season each quail inside and out v^th salt and pepper. 
Brush lightly with extra virgin olive oil. Preheat oven to 
400°. Stuff cavity under quail skin with 1 ounce brie 
cheese. Place on baking sheet. Repeat with remaining 
quail. Roast until cooked through (cut into inner thigh; 
meat will be slightly pink) about 15 minutes. If you prefer, 
the quail can be grilled instead of roasted. Be careful to not 
overcook. Grilling always changes the flavor a little. 

To serve, place quail on platter. Drizzle coulis over top 
of quail and place a small dollop of fresh tarragon pesto on 
each serving. Garnish plate with leftover tarragon and 
fresh berries and serve. 

Triple Berry Coulis 

Va pound frozen, unsweetened blackberries, thawed 
74 pound frozen, unsweetened raspberries, thawed 
74 pound frozen blueberries, thawed 
1 cup plus 2 tablespoons of semi-dry white wine 

(chenin blanc recommended) 
6 tablespoons (give or take a couple! ) sugar divided 
1 teaspoon brandy 



1 

172 
72 
72 



Place berries, wine, and 4 tablespoons sugar in blender and 
puree. Pour into medium saucepan. Bring to simmer, stir- 
ring occasionally. Reduce heat, cover, and simmer 8 min- 
utes. 

Strain into medium bowl. Discard solids in strainer. 
Whisk in brandy and sweeten with remaining sugar. Note: 
This can be made up to 5 days ahead. Cover and chill; re- 
whisk before using. 

larragon Pesto 



2 
2 

% 



large shallots, peeled 
tablespoons-plus "/scup olive oil 
cup (packed) fresh tarragon 
cup (packed) fresh parsley 
tablespoons toasted cashews 



Preheat oven to 350°. Place shallots in small baking dish. 
Drizzle v^th 2 tablespoons oil. Cover dish with foil. Bake 
shallots 30 minutes. Uncover; roast shallots until soft, 
about 20 minutes longer. 

Puree shallots, any oil in dish, and Vi cup oil in blender. 
Add Vi cup oil and all remaining ingredients; puree. Season 
v^th salt and pepper. Can be made 1 day ahead; chill. 

Wine pairing: Pair the dish v^th a dry white, maybe a chenin 
blanc from France or a chardonnay that's fermented in 
stainless steel. The dish doesn't have that grilled flavor that 
lends itself to the oakier chardonnays. Get a wine that's 
clean and crisp, with firm but not overpowering acids or too 
much citrus. Many sauvignon blancs will work well. D 




JUNE 2009 



33 



by Lynda Richardson 



Calling All Birds 




This captive screecii owl was really confused wlien he met my fake owl made of quail feathers and 
Styrofoam balls. An owl decoy can really bring the songbirds close when used with a screech owl 
recording. "^' Lynda Richardson 



rhe whinny call scraped the 
morning like fingernails on a 
chalkboard. I slowly cocked my 
head, straining to hear that first 
angry response. Within minutes a 
raspy hissing could be heard com- 
ing closer and closer. Suddenly, an 
offended Carolina wren appeared, 
mouth open wide and tail bobbing. 
Then, an American robin flew in, 
flicking and ftissing. Within min- 
utes, the forest edge vibrated with 
agitation. A dozen or more birds flit 
to-and-fro around a stock-still, 
brown feathered impersonator. My 
tape recording and screech owl 
decoy were working. Now I had a 
great opportunity to photograph 
songbirds up close and personal. 

One of my favorite things to do 
is call songbirds using a recording 
of screech owl vocalizations. Why, 
you might ask, would these calls 
bring in songbirds, which normally 
might serve as a screech owl's din- 
ner? Well, to understand it you 
have to know something about bird 
behavior. When a bird spots or 
hears an offending predator, it 
sounds off an alarm and other birds 
join in to see what's going on. As 
numbers grow, they can eventually 
push the predator out of the area — 
reducing their chances of becoming 
dinner. 

34 



This behavior is called "mob- 
bing" for obvious reasons. You can 
take advantage of this phenomenon 
and use the calls of a predator to lure 
curious birds to investigate. The 
sounds will draw them in, and a re- 
alistic looking decoy will hold their 
attention longer. 

When I use this technique to 
photograph birds, I either use a blind 
or my truck, or hide in nearby cover. 
My bird caller is an old Johnny Stew- 
art Game Caller: a large square box 
with a rechargeable battery that 
plays cassette tapes. It comes with a 
good-sized detachable speaker, 
which plugs into the box, and by 
using a 25-foot extension cord, I am 
able to place the speaker under my 
owl decoy some distance from my 
blind. Nowadays, several manufac- 
turers make a more modem, lighter 
version of this outfit, but my old 
player still gets the job done! 

If you want to explore an excit- 
ing and fun way to get great bird 
photographs and don't mind a lot of 
fussing and tail flicking, try calling 
the birds to you. It offers a lot of sur- 
prises. Good luck! r I 

For more information on using and 
purchasing game callers and screech 
owl tapes, go to: www.johnnystew- 
art.com and www.wribiz.net. 



You are invited to submit one to five of 
your best photographs to "Image of the 
Month," Virginia Wildlife Magazine, 
P.O. Box 11104, 4010 West Broad Street, 
Richmond, VA 23230-1104. Send origi- 
nal slides, super high-quality prints, or 
high-res 360 dpi jpeg files on disk and 
include a self-addressed, stamped en- 
velope or other shipping method for 
return. Also, please include any perti- 
nent information regarding how and 
where you captured the image and 
what camera and settings you used, 
along with your phone number. We 
look forward to seeing and sharing 
your work with the readers of Virginin 
Wildlife] 






Congratulations to Betty Cauthorne ofSand- 
ston for her fabulous photograph of two 
young red-tailed hawks enjoying a birdbath. 
The hawks grew up near her office in Henri- 
co, and on several occasions Betty saw them 
drinking from water puddles. One thing led 
to another and soon a birdbath was in- 
stalled, complete with roses, much to the de- 
light of the hawks who obviously loved it. 
Way to go, Betty! 

VIRGINIA WILDLIFE ♦ www, HuntFishVA.com 



I 



^cQ:^ 




by Tom Guess 



That's Not Good 



Jt was 1993 and my wife and I 
lived in Kodiak, Alaska, where I 
was stationed with the U. S. Coast 
Guard. We moved there in early '92 
and did some halibut fishing with 
friends a few times, and got 'hooked'. 
Many activities in Alaska involve the 
outdoors, but we agreed that fishing 
was one we both liked, so we decided 
to find a good, inexpensive boat — if 
there is such a thing? One day I was 
leaving for work and there she was 
for sale: our first boat — a 1969 banana 
yellow and white, 16-foot Reinell 
with red vinyl seats. It came with all 
the latest in boating technology avail- 
able in 1969 (wink), like cable steering 
and a pull-start 40hp outboard. She 
was a beauty! 

After some minor repairs to the 
fiberglass and application of fresh 
registration decals and a good clean- 
ing, we had our first real boat ready 
for her maiden voyage! 

It was early June and the freezer 
was looking a little sparse on fresh 
fish, so we made preparations to take 
a halibut trip. We loaded our boat 



with fishing gear and added oars, 
three day /night flares, wearable life 
jackets, an anchor, and some rain- 
wear. 

Once we got to the boat ramp, se- 
cured our gear, and launched, we tied 
off with the motor nmning for some 
time to be sure it ran well enough to 
go. Once everything seemed to be in 
order, we headed out to find the per- 
fect fishing spot. 

After some time of not catching 
anything, we decided to pull the an- 
chor and head in. I secured our fish- 
ing rods and proudly pulled the rope 
on the trusty outboard ... with no 
luck. I distinctly remember saying, 
"Hmm, that's not good." I pulled 
again, and again. Finally it purred 
like a kitten, and with a sense of relief 
we were heading back to the ramp. I 
brought the engine up to full speed 
and had our awesome little boat on a 
plane. 

I said to my wife, "Main, this en- 
gine runs nice," and suddenly I heard 
a pop and we stopped dead. I repeat- 
ed, "Hmm, that's not good." My wife 




echoed, "Yeali, that's not good," and 
we both got a little worried. 1 pulled 
on the motor, and again, with no luck. 
After checking the spark plugs, fuel 
lines, vent cap, and priming bulb, I 
pvilled again, and again, and once 
more. After a heart-to-heart chat with 
that outboard and a few more pulls, 
we still had nothing. Suddenly our 
awesome boat didn't seem so awe- 
some anymore, and we realized we 
were drifting at a pretty good clip 
with the tide away from the direction 
we needed to go. 

It was time to resort to our back- 
up plan and row. We pulled at those 
oars almost as hard as I pulled on the 
engine, and just kept drifting farther 
away. My wife mentioned our flares 
and I thought about the same tlung, 
but there were no other boats or air- 
craft or houses in sight, so there was a 
good chance our flares would go im- 
seen. With no cell phones and no 
VHF-FM radio, I decided I was going 
to start that motor if it killed me. I 
pulled one last time and heard the 
sweet sound of an outboard run- 
ning — only it wasn't ours. Instead, it 
was another boat coming to check on 
us, and it happened to be someone I 
knew who towed us in. 

It's always a good rule to keep your 
engine in working order by perform- 
ing regtilar maintenance. Keep your 
family informed by leaving them 
with a float plan. And finally, though 
hard to do, it's wise to quell your ex- 
citement when you get a new boat 
and first be sure everything checks 
out before you hit the water! D 

Tom Guess, U. S. Coast Guard (Ret), serves as a 
statewide coordinator for the Boating Safety Ed- 
ucation Program at DGIF. 



JUNE 2009 



35 



Magazine subscription-related calls only 1 -800-7 1 0-9369 

Twelve issues for just $ 1 2.95! 

All other calls to (804) 367- 1 000 

Visit our Web site at www.HuntFish VA.com 




This workshop is designed primarily for 
females 9 years of age and above to 
learn the outdoor skills usually associat- 
ed with hunting and fishing, but useful 
in a variety of outdoor pursuits. 

All courses focus on outdoor skills 
using hands-on instruction. Outdoor 
skills courses include outdoor cooking, 
fly-fishing, wild edibles, introduction to 
firearms, skeet shooting, archery, 
wilderness survival, map and compass, 
animal tracking, and more. 



This workshop is for you if: 

You would like to get your family in- 
volved in outdoor activities and need 
a place to start. 

You have never tried outdoor activi- 
ties but have hoped for an opportuni- 
ty to learn. 

You are a beginner who hopes to im- 
prove your skills. 

You are looking for the camaraderie 
of like-minded individuals. 



This year's event will be held at Holiday 
Lake 4-H Educational Center near Ap- 
pomattox. Registration is $85 per per- 
son, which includes meals, lodging, 
course instruction, use of equipment, 
and evening events. Registration dead- 
line is luly 24, 2009 at 5 p.m. 

For more information, visit our Web site 
www.dgif.virginia.gov/events with links to 
registration forms for downloading or 
call the Outdoor Education Office at 
(804) 367-0656 or (804) 367-7800.